Also known as periodontal disease, gum disease is inflammation of the gum. A mild form of gum disease is called gingivitis, which occurs because several films of bacteria accumulate on the teeth. If you feel that instead of red, your gums are pink, inflamed, swollen when you are brushing, them most likely you have gingivitis. The main cause of gingivitis is inadequate oral hygiene. Patients who develop periodontitis will have intense pain along with gingivitis, bleeding of gums, swelling and bad breath. Acute cases may show pus oozing out of gums, loosening of teeth and abscesses.
You need to show your dentist for proper medication before gingivitis spreads for the worse. Gingivitis in itself is actually a mild disease and symptoms may not even be apparent for a long time. It is caused mainly due to everyday neglect to brushing, which fails to remove a sticky layer over teeth that forms everyday called ‘plaque’. Plaque over time becomes hard and irremovable, turning into ‘tartar’, which is responsible for cutting into gums and causing them to bleed. Untreated or neglected symptoms can lead to bigger problems at later stages in life, such as loose teeth, permanently swollen or bleeding gums, eroded gums and bad breath. The simplest way to avoid it is by means of daily and rigorous brushing, flossing and periodic visits to the dentist.