Sensitive teeth can be extremely painful and irritating. Our teeth consist of 4 layers namely the enamel, dentin, pulp and cementum. Tooth Sensitivity occurs when the enamel wears off and the food we eat comes in contact with the dentin. In order to desensitize the tooth various desensitizing toothpastes are available in the market that helps in reducing the sensitivity of the teeth. These toothpastes contain fluoride which is instrumental in strengthening the dental enamel and protecting the teeth against cavities. In serious cases, your dentist might administer desensitizing agents on the tooth like potassium salts, fluoride agents, etc., to reduce sensitivity.
The various reasons for the teeth becoming sensitive are wearing away, decaying of teeth, exposed roots of the teeth. Cold food and drinks, carbonated drinks, beverages, wine, citrus fruits and breathing in cold air through the mouth causes discomfort and pain. Stomach acid reaching the teeth during night has been a reason among many people as to why the enamel wears off. Hyper sensitive teeth is a manageable condition, but most of the time it has been seen that people do not report the condition to the dentist. An air blast test reveals the condition immediately. Using mouthwashes containing potassium salts and fluorides really helps.